Capitalism has been defined by some as a philosophy just as Communism has by communists. It is described by them as a philosophy of personal attainment and achievement. It stresses the accumulation of wealth or Capital by individuals. Wealth, in Capitalist terminology, is defined as anything which an individual can personally attain. A good example of wealth in Capitalist terminology that is not usually considered wealth by others is spiritual fulfillment. Capitalists claim that, as it can be attained by an individual human and can be given to others or kept by the individual, it is wealth. Capitalists regard this attainment of wealth as the main driving force behind humanity. Capitalists claim that this driving force continues to push humanity forward. Capitalists regard advancement as one of the ultimate goals of humanity as a whole. And as individuals advance themselves, they advance the rest of society with them.
Civic Nationalism is the form of nationalism in which the state derives political legitimacy from the active participation of its citizenry, from the degree to which it represents the "will of the people". It is often seen as originating with Jean-Jacques Rousseau and especially the social contract theories which take their name from his 1762 book The Social Contract. Civic nationalism lies within the traditions of rationalism and liberalism (not to be confused with liberalism of today), but as a form of nationalism it is contrasted with ethnic nationalism. Membership of the civic nation is considered voluntary. Civic-national ideals influenced the development of representative democracy in countries such as the United States and France. Nationalist parties and nationalist politicians, usually place great emphasis on national symbols, such as the national flag.
sees the absurditiesshe sees the kingdoms of Europe,
disturbed by wrangling sectaries, or their commerce,
population and improvements of every kind cramped and
retarded, because the human mind like the body is
fettered 'and bound fast by the chords of policy and
superstition': She laughs at their folly and shuns their
errors: She founds her empire upon the idea of universal
toleration: She admits all religions into her
bosomShe secures the sacred rights of every
individual; and (astonishing absurdity to Europeans!) she
sees a thousand discordant opinions live in the strictest
harmony ... it will finally raise her to a pitch of
greatness and luster, before which the glory of ancient
Greece and Rome shall dwindle to a point, and the
splendor of modern Empires fade into obscurity."
Noah Webster 1781